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Description: Edit

OpenSUSE is a distribution of Linux with many features. See for general info on this distro and for the history of it,

Key Notes: Edit

1. When you install, you can choose between KDE and GNOME setups. I advice you check out which one you like better by visiting their links. KDE = "" and GNOME "".

2. Common downloads are called “RPM Packages” (Red Hat Package Manager) see here ( You may also find "Tarballs" which are the equivalent to zip file downloads.

3. The easiest and safest way to add repositories is using the list of online community repositories in YaST. This provides you with a selection of popular and quite safe repositories to choose from. To do this:

Kickoff menu - Computer tab - YaST - Software - Software Repositories - Click on "Add" - Select "Community Repositories" - click "Next".

4. You use “Wine” to run Windows applications: Its ran by CLI (Command Line Interface): win /path/to/setup.exe

Keyboard Shortcuts: Edit

Note that since Linux is highly customizable, you should go to Start – Applications – Configure Desktop to setup your own keyboard shortcuts that fit you best. Here are some common ones:

Start menu shortcut: Alt+F1 (Changed to Win +E or “Meta” E) Under the "Plasma Desktop Shell"

Task manager: Ctrl+Esc

Virtual desktop manager: Ctrl+F8/9

Switch between windows: Alt+Tab

Open command line: Ctrl+Alt+F1

To leave command line: Ctrl+Alt+F7

Run: Alt+F2 (Changed to Win+R) Under the "Run Command Interface" section

Close a window: Atl+F4

Minimize a window: (Default: Blank) (Changed to Win+M) Under the "Kwin" section

CLI (Command Line Interface): Common Commands Edit

NOTE: Some commands have to be ran from the root user!

To run many commands as root: su -

To leave root: exit

To run a single command as root you can use: su -c “command”

To update: zypper patch / zypper update

File System Commands: === Changing directory: cd /home/user/directoryname/

Listing files: ls

Copying a file: cp filename /home/user/directoryname/filename

Deleting: rm filename

Moving: mv /home/user/filename /home/user/newfilename

System Monitoring Commands: Edit

Running Processes/ Press “q” to exit: top

Disk space usage: df

Memory Consumption: free

Networking Commands:

find your ip: ip a

find your gateway: ip route

find your dns server: cat /etc/resolv.conf

Help Commands: === Manual page/ to leave press “q”: man cp

if none found, type: cp - - help (no spaces between dashes)

System Commands:

Shutdown: halt -p

reboot: reboot

Start/ stop/ get status of a service: systemctl (start, stop, restart, status) (servicename)

Enable or disable a service from running on startup: systemctl (enable, disable) (servicename.service)

Kernel Commands: Edit

Find version and flavor: uname -r

Check kernel messages: dmesg

Listing kernel modules: lsmod

loading kernel mod: modprobe [(modulename)]

unloading: rmmod [(modulename)]

Hardware Information Commands: Edit

hwinfo - - short - - wlan (where wlan is the wireless network card)

hwinfo - - short - - gfxcard (where gfxcard is your graphics card)

To see a GUI for many commands: Edit

1. Type: su -

2. Type: yast

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